The towering Jinling and Zhongshan flowers and rain.
Years rush, time does not rot.
Eighty-two years have passed. On December 13, whenever the alarm at 10 am pierced the sky, Nanjing would still be hit hard.
It is comforting that the pain is no longer as cold, weak and helpless as it was 82 years ago. Every December 13th since 2014, peace-loving people have gathered in this city, in the name of the country, with the deepest affection. Because this day has the name: "National Massacre Day of the Nanjing Massacre".
The deceased has gone and stayed in the heart forever, this is the humanitarian justice of a nation.
The living person moves forward and looks forward to the future. This is the light and hope of the country to the people.
On December 13, Nanjing was black and white. For six years, the ceremony was simple, solemn and solemn. Party and state leaders attended in person. General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the first and fourth public sacrifice, which is the highest level of homage to the victims of the Nanjing Massacre since 1937.
According to Zhang Jianjun, the curator of the Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre invading Japan, the national ceremonial ceremony was less than half an hour from the beginning to the end. The time was short, the process was simple, relatively solidified, and it was intended to repeatedly appeal and continuously deepen the memory. The public sacrifice is both an expression of national will and a ritualized form of education. We use this ritual to build a memory of history.
We can see that the semiotic system of the public sacrifice formed a solemn etiquette to hang on to the victims.
An air defense alert at ten in the morning. The moving vehicle stopped on the spot, and the whistle mourned. Train station, all locomotives honked. The loud noise is like an alarm bell, like a horn, like crying ...
A minute of silence. This minute was written into the "Nanjing National Ceremony Safeguard Regulations", which came into effect on December 13, 2018. It is a compulsory regulation. At this minute, laughter stopped, work was suspended, learning was suspended, and everyone was in silence ...
Reporter Fan Junyan
Public offering tripod. A public ceremonial tripod unveiled by Xi Jinping and the Nanjing Massacre survivor on behalf of the elderly Xia Shuqin. It is 1.65 meters high and weighs 2014 kilograms. It was permanently set up on the assembly square of the Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by the Japanese invaders. Historical facts and the establishment of the National Ceremony Day.
Youth reading. Nanjing No. 1 Middle School sends out the same number of students each year as the commemorative year, and recites the "Declaration of Peace" written by Nanjing poet Feng Yitong. This year's leader is Cui Zixin from Grade 11 (11). He was born on December 13, 2002. He said that this is the mission of Nanjing children.
Peace hit the bell. With each impact, a prayer of "forgetting history and defending peace" is transmitted. Wang Nanshi, a special technician in the assembly and testing department of Nanjing Chenguang Group, who had participated in the clock crash in 2017, said that the passage of time does not erase the pain that history has branded in the hearts of Chinese children.
"There is no Ching Ming Festival in our family, and we never burn paper to sacrifice our ancestors." The tragedy of Tu Cheng left in the heart of the elderly Chang Zhiqiang, even his children can hardly appreciate it.
82 years ago, the mother, who was stabbed in the chest, struggled to feed her 2-year-old brother the last bite to die, her father and four younger brothers were shot dead, and her sister was raped. The 9-year-old Chang Zhiqiang was frightened too much, passed out, and fortunately survived.
The establishment of the National Ceremony Day has relieved the minds of the elderly. On December 13, 2014, Chang Zhiqiang's family had more than ten families, concentrated in his home near Yanziji near the Yangtze River. For the first time, he officially commemorated his loved ones who died in the massacre. miss".
It's not just a family miss. On December 8, an ordinary family from Yangzhou presented a bouquet of chrysanthemums in front of the burial ground of the dead compatriots in Wutaishan Sports Center in the downtown area of Nanjing. Mother Ms. He said: "The sacrifice day is about to come. The school teacher told the students about the historical facts of the Nanjing Massacre. Just as her daughter went to Nanjing for classes on weekends, we took her here to hang the victims and feel it on the ground." From From the beginning of the year to the end of the year, there were 17 Nanjing Massacre burial grounds in Nanjing. There were always flowers. Local citizens, distant pedestrians who did not know where they came from, stood here silently and bowed.
Photo by reporter Liu Li
It's not just the memory of a country. On October 9, 2015, UNESCO announced that the "Nanjing Massacre Archives" was selected into the "Memory of the World", which enabled the Nanjing Massacre to rise from Chinese memory to world memory and become a common world heritage worldwide. Zhu Chengshan, former curator of the Memorial to the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by the Japanese invaders, said that UNESCO has restored the historical memory of the Nanjing Massacre to its original position through standardized procedures, and it is not just the tragedy of one city and one place in Nanjing. It is not only the pain of a country in China, but it should remain in the long history of mankind, let people pity, awaken conscience and humanity, completely stay away from war, and defend peace for generations.
In 2003, there were 630,000 visitors throughout the year; 1.14 million were opened free of charge in 2004; over the past five years, the national ceremony has seen more than 8 million visitors. The Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by the Japanese Invaders has become a place that many foreigners must visit when they come to Ningxia.
Photo courtesy of Liu Jianhua
Immediately before the closing of the sixth ceremonial day, the reporter came to the audience to interview the audience. People flow like weaving.
Grandma Shao and his brother from Xuzhou came to the exhibition. "People suffer!" Grandma Shao, 79, couldn't stop crying as soon as she went to the pavilion. "My little uncle was killed by the Japanese. I will show my granddaughter next time."
In the exhibition area introducing international friends, Ms. Liu watched alone. Miss Liu took a high-speed rail from Shanghai to Nanjing that morning to make a special visit to the memorial. "I've always wanted to come here to shock my own soul. The perpetrators are crueler than expected. Why is there such a big difference between human nature and humanity? When I go back, I will take a look at" Labe Diary. "
Mr. Zhen ’s family of 6 people came from Guangxi. It ’s an important itinerary to come to the memorial. “I know this history, but I ’d rather have a strong experience of the on-site exhibition. I would like to suggest that colleagues all come and take a look at the country. History, cherish life now. "
Photo by reporter Liu Xia
Beyond the National Ceremony Day, the 364-day daily work of the memorial is centered on education. "Retranslating, reorganizing, and disseminating historical materials to popularize them into national memory and come to people's hearts." Zhang Jianjun said.
The national ceremonial ceremony points to "three memories": the innocent victims of the Nanjing Massacre, all the compatriots killed by the Japanese invaders, and the revolutionary martyrs and national heroes who gave their lives for the victory of the Anti-Japanese War. The memorial has extended the original positioning.
In 2015, a "three wins" exhibition area was established to display the history of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japan with more than 1,100 pictures and more than 6,000 cultural relics under the theme of "winning justice, winning peace, and winning the people".
On December 1st, 2015, the exhibition hall of the former site of the comfort station of Liji Lane in Nanjing was opened. This is one of the larger and more well-preserved Japanese "comfort stations" in Asia.
In 2017, the basic display of "Nanjing Massacre History Exhibition" was transformed. As of November 2019, more than 15 million visitors have visited the exhibition.
On December 13, Shao Ziping, Chen Xianzhong, and Jiang Guozhen, three old men with an average age of 78 years, will donate a "1-inch disk" of Magee images to the memorial to enrich the dynamic record of the Nanjing Massacre.
In the 82 years since the Nanjing Massacre, especially in the past 30 years, the process of excavation, research, and adherence to this historical fact has never stopped.
At present, the memorial houses more than 6,300 precious cultural relics (Anti-Japanese War) and more than 180,000 historical materials. There are also testimony materials including more than 200 Japanese invaders and nearly 3,000 survivors of the Holocaust. Extensive historical evidence from third parties such as Denmark.
Photo by reporter Wan Chengpeng
Ruins are landmarks of memory. The wall of the memorial list is commonly known as the "wailing wall", engraved with the names of the victims. Compared with the names of nearly 3,000 victims when the "Wailing Wall" was first built in 1995, the list of "Wailing Walls" has now increased by more than 7,000, which is a silent testimony to the historical truth.
Zhou Wanrong, latest confirmed and engraved the 10665th name on the Wailing Wall. On December 3rd, Zhou Wanrong's daughter Tao Xiuhua brought her son from Suzhou to participate in a home festival. During the Nanjing Massacre in 1937, Tao Xiuhua's father and many compatriots were captured by the Japanese army. 10-year-old Tao Xiuhua and her younger sister chased from Rehe Road to Minjiangmen. Father Zhou Wanrong turned his head away and said, "Girl, let's take the little girl back." That turn around 82 years ago became farewell.
On December 4 and 5, Hu Xinjia, 95, and Jin Maozhi, 91, passed away one after another. As of December 11, 2019, only 78 survivors of the Nanjing Massacre survivors were registered in the Nanjing Invasion Japanese Victims Assistance Association.
The heavy task of inheritance has fallen on the shoulders of the second and even third generations. On December 8th, the Nanjing Massacre Survivors' Inheritance and Memory Action was released. As of November, the Association collected a total of 761 survivor information registration forms and family tree survivors of 82 survivor families. Ge Fengjin, the second generation of survivors, said: In the future, we must continue our father ’s journey, be a messenger of peace, and do our utmost to spread the truth about the Nanjing Massacre history. Let more people remember history, cherish the present, and face the future. .
Zhang Lianhong, president of the Nanjing Invaders Japanese Victims Assistance Association, said that survivors' offspring and survivors live with each other day and night, and they have a “skin pain” to the experience of war trauma. This special status plays an irreplaceable role in inheriting the memories of the Nanjing Massacre.
Photo by reporter Liu Li
Nanjing will not forget. On December 12, 2016, Jiangsu solemnly awarded the "Zijincao International Peace Commemorative Medal", and six international friends including the former German Siemens representative in Nanjing and the chairman of the Nanjing Safe Area International Committee, including John Rabe, received heavy praise and respect.
Nanjing has been thankful. In July 2019, Zijincao International Peace Summer Camp invited the descendants of international friends John Rabe, John Magee and Richard Brady to Nanjing to follow the footsteps of their ancestors. At the same time, Jiangsu's original opera "Rabe Diary" toured Berlin, Germany and Vienna, Austria. Pascal Abb, a senior researcher at the Austrian Institute for Peace and Conflict, said after watching the play: The Nanjing Massacre is not only a part of Chinese history, but also part of the history of World War II. Understanding these historical lessons is a common task of humanity.
With a heavy responsibility for communication, the memorial has been “walking”.
In October 2016, the historical exhibition of "Joint Witness: The 1937 Nanjing Massacre" took place in Gangcheng, France; in June 2018, the Nanjing Massacre Historical Exhibition entered Belarus and the Czech Republic ... The exhibition takes the "European and American perspective" as the starting point. "Third-party files" are used as materials to objectively present the historical facts of the Nanjing Massacre.
General Secretary Xi Jinping said: "Peace is as warm as sunlight and nourished as rain. With sunlight and rain, everything can thrive. With peace and stability, mankind can better realize its dreams."
Peace is the flower of hope in Nanjing, a city watered with blood and tears. Keeping in mind that history and peace building are like two wings, Nanjing is forming a unique culture of peace in an institutionalized, standardized, and systematic manner.
Photo by reporter Liu Li
In September 2017, Nanjing became China's first and 169th internationally peaceful city in the world. Promote the construction of an international peaceful city, and it has written into the first national ritual local regulations of the country, the "National Regulations for the Protection of National Ceremonies".
Taking the national sacrifice as a whole, Nanjing organizes a series of peace-themed events each year: "Peace Wishing Wall" signing mourning activities, "Thanks to Nanjing International Security Zone" winter trekking activities, "Sowing purple goldgrass seeds-praying for peace" Online and offline ceremonies. The Nanjing International Peace Poster Biennial has entered its second session, with 5,432 works from all over the world participating in the theme selection of "Peace and the City".
Photo courtesy of Liu Jianhua
Peace research is opening up. The key high-end think tank Nanjing Massacre History was established with the International Peace Research Institute. The Institute cooperated with Nanjing University to establish China's first peace research center and the discipline of peace.
Over the years, peace-loving people all over the world have worked hard to promote the spread of historical truth.
The famous French oil painter Christian Pacher dedicated his largest oil painting "Atrocities" to the memorial. Japanese friend Matsuoka Ring donated the original oral images of more than 300 Holocaust witnesses recorded in the past 30 years. The Ontario Parliament of Canada passed a bill to set December 13th each year as the "Nanjing Massacre Day".
About 400,000 overseas people come to the memorial every year. "The Nanjing Massacre is one of the most serious and cruelest massacres in the history of humankind. Human beings must reflect on and learn from history and do not repeat mistakes."
The most rustic prayer is engraved on the wall of the Meditation Hall of the Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by the Japanese invaders:
Let the bones fall asleep, let the dead souls sleep peacefully, turn the butcher knife into a wake-up call, and engrave the dead name as a historical book, so that children no longer panic, mothers no longer sigh, wars away from humans, and peace overflows the world.
Reporter Wang Xiaoying Liu Xia Tang Yue Intern Jin Yiwei
Video shooting Zhao Yu clip Zhang Qi