Reporter Wei Yulong
With the development of our city and the aging population, the installation of elevators in old communities has become a major issue that many elderly people are desperately trying to solve. So, can the installation of elevators in old communities be realized? Recently, the reporter conducted a visit and investigation.
Elderly urgently need to install elevator
It is understood that there are more than 300 neighborhoods in our city, and no elevators are installed in the old neighborhoods. The community is getting older and the residents are getting older. "I have been here for more than ten years. My family lives on the 5th floor. In addition to shopping for food, I have to go to the kindergarten to pick up my grandchildren. Now as soon as I climb the floor, my knees hurt." Said Zhou Baogen, 78, who lives in the Bauhinia Garden in the development zone. If the community can install elevators, they will suffer less from climbing stairs.
Wu Chunyi's family lives in Xincun Park, and her legs and feet are bad. She suffers from arthritis. Every time she climbs the stairs, she has to hold the handrails tightly with her hands. She slowly climbs step by step with the strength of her arms. "I have lived here for more than 20 years. I am too old to keep up with my physical strength. It is difficult to go out to buy food, cut my hair, and take a bath. Now people with the conditions have moved away and lived in a community with an elevator. Here, "said the old man helplessly.
Some disabled elderly need to use a wheelchair, and it is even more inconvenient to go up and down stairs. Uncle Zhao, 88, lives in Chaoyang New Village. He has hypertension, heart disease and other diseases. Recently, he could not go to the ground because of a broken leg. The elderly need to go to the hospital for examinations because of illness, and their children need to carry the elderly down the stairs, which is very difficult. Recently, the children are also considering buying a first-floor second-hand house for them.
During the visit, many residents of old residential buildings really hoped that there would be an elevator. Because of the high floor, in order to climb less, the elderly can only go out as little as possible, so they have given up a lot of social entertainment activities.
Installing elevators is complicated
Installing an elevator in an old building is not easy. According to the relevant provisions of the Property Law, the installation of elevators must be completed by the unit or the relevant owner of the community as the applicant's application procedures, which must be complete and in accordance with regulations; secondly, the community must establish an owner committee; after the unit or the exclusive part of the house The owners who account for more than 2/3 of the total building area and the owners who account for more than 2/3 of the total number of people; if the elevator is to be occupied by the owner ’s exclusive part, the owner ’s consent must be obtained before the elevator can be used in accordance with relevant regulations. Prescribe or plan construction.
Residents of some communities have different opinions on the installation of elevators. They believe that this is related to lighting, ventilation, noise, fire passages, etc. If the elevator is installed successfully, who will be responsible for daily inspection, maintenance, and cleaning, how will these costs and monthly electricity bills be shared, and who will be responsible for keeping records after submission Publicity, etc. For the elderly living in the upper floors, they urgently need to install an elevator, and for the residents in the lower floors, they think that installing an elevator has harmed their interests. "The residents who live on the first and second floors do not use elevators at all. If some construction units carry out construction, noise will be generated and it will affect their rest." In addition, some residents said that because of the long construction period, Old lines and other problems, the installation of elevators will squeeze the space of fire passages and stairs.
Strengthen communication between the elevator industry committee and the owner
Jinyang Mudanyuan District, located on Danjin Road, was built in 2003. Many households have elderly people over 60 years old, and the oldest is more than 90 years old. The reporter came to the community last week and found that it is up to 6 stories high. "There are a total of 103 residents in our community. For the installation of elevators, we actively negotiated and communicated with the owners in August this year and conducted a questionnaire survey for each household. Most of the residents agreed and signed to support the installation of elevators." Fang Danping, the director of the committee, said that installing an elevator is very complicated and involves planning, housing, urban management, fire control and other departments. After the project is approved, it must be approved by relevant departments one by one.
For the early approval process of installing an elevator, the Golden Sun Peony Garden Community Commission has entrusted Zhongsheng Yiyuan Construction Engineering Co., Ltd. Danyang Branch to handle it. The person in charge of the company said that they have entrusted Jiangsu Wenbo Architectural Design Co., Ltd. to enter the site for field inspection, and then design drawings according to the situation of the district, and then report to the relevant departments for approval. If the approval is passed, the elevator can be installed.
The reporter interviewed the city's Natural Resources and Planning Bureau and other departments. A staff member, who asked not to be named, stated that for the installation of elevators in the community, before applying for planning and construction permits, a design plan must be proposed, and construction, supervision quality, Organize a lot of affairs such as acceptance and settlement of expenses. The reporter then learned from the Wanshanyuan community. The person in charge of the community said that the installation of elevators in old communities was a difficult problem in community governance. The masses strongly expressed their support for the installation of elevators.
Requires collaboration of various departments
Installing elevators is a people's livelihood issue of concern to the people. During the two sessions of the National Conference this year, the "Government Work Report" explicitly proposed to encourage conditional old communities to install elevators. In order to implement the deployment of the "Government Work Report", the Ministry of Housing and Development, together with the Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance, issued the "Notice on Doing a Good Job in the Reconstruction of Old Urban Communities in 2019" on April 15, 2019. The important content of the old community transformation. At present, a number of domestic provinces and cities have introduced policies for adding elevators to existing homes. Cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Nanjing have already explored in advance to encourage existing elevators to add elevators.
People in the industry believe that installing an elevator is a livelihood project and also meets the needs of an aging society. It may seem like a small project, but all departments need to cooperate with each other and work together so that the masses can enjoy the effectiveness of this benefit to the people policy.